Web development refers to the creating, building, and maintaining of websites. It includes aspects such as web design, web publishing, web programming, and database management. It is the creation of an application that works over the internet i.e. websites.

The word Web Development is made up of two words, that is:

  • Web: It refers to websites, web pages or anything that works over the internet.
  • Development: It refers to building the application from scratch.

Web Development can be classified into two ways:

  • Frontend Development
  • Backend Development

Frontend Development

The part of a website where the user interacts directly is termed as the front end. It is also referred to as the ‘client side’ of the application.

  • Frontend Roadmap:

  • HTML: HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. It is used to design the front-end portion of web pages using a markup language. It acts as a skeleton for a website since it is used to make the structure of a website.
  • CSSCascading Style Sheets fondly referred to as CSS is a simply designed language intended to simplify the process of making web pages presentable. It is used to style our website.
  • JavaScriptJavaScript is a scripting language used to provide a dynamic behavior to our website.
  • Bootstrap: Bootstrap is a free and open-source tool collection for creating responsive websites and web applications. It is the most popular CSS framework for developing responsive, mobile-first websites. Nowadays, the websites are perfect for all browsers (IE, Firefox, and Chrome) and for all sizes of screens (Desktop, Tablets, Phablets, and Phones).
    • Bootstrap 4
    • Bootstrap 5

Frontend Frameworks and Libraries:

Backend Development

The backend is the server side of a website. It is part of the website that users cannot see and interact with. It is the portion of software that does not come in direct contact with the users. It is used to store and arrange data.

  • Backend Roadmap:

  • PHP: PHP is a server-side scripting language designed specifically for web development.
  • Java: Java is one of the most popular and widely used programming languages. It is highly scalable.
  • PythonPython is a programming language that lets you work quickly and integrate systems more efficiently.
  • Node.js: Node.js is an open-source and cross-platform runtime environment for executing JavaScript code outside a browser.
  • Back-End Frameworks: The list of back-end frameworks is: Express, Django, Rails, Laravel, Spring, etc.
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